Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Kate Middleton Fashion: Princess or Style Diva?

The would-be bride of Prince Williams, Kate Middleton, has already become a style diva. Within months of appearing on public scene, she has become darling of fashion designers. Everything what she wears becomes style and raises interest in masses. Some insight into what has made her a style icon is presented here.








Follow Our Pinterest



PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Natural Makeup - Could Your Makeup Be Killing You?

Natural makeup has been around since the start of time. There is documented evidence that cosmetics have been used since 4,000 BC. However the Romans and Ancient Egyptians created cosmetic products using materials with dangerous properties like mercury and white lead. So in the past 6,000 years has anything changed? Or should we view natural makeup as just a fad?


What are the 5 benefits of using only natural makeup?
Natural makeup is:
  • Anti-allergic
  • Mineral makeup acts as a natural sunscreen
  • Won't hurt your skin
  • Has naturally occurring vitamins
  • Contains no dangerous ingredients

Anti-allergic properties: This means that natural makeup doesn't adversely affect those with sensitive skin and who suffer from acne problems.

Natural sunscreen: Zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are used in natural makeup foundation. They provide a natural barrier against sun damage because they work by sitting on top of the skin. UV rays are then deflected away from the skin and preventing any harm. Provides protection against UVA and UVB rays.


No skin-damage: Most makeup contains substances that block pores, irritate your skin and cause allergic reactions. So what happens then? You buy more makeup to hide those skin blemishes but the makeup up makes it worse - and thus starts a vicious cycle.

Vitamin rich:Natural ingredients contain vitamin A, C and E.


Dangerous ingredients: Some of the most common top ingredients used in makeup are: mineral oil, talc, isopropyl alcohol andsodium lauryl sulphate. For example mineral oil acts as a plastic wrap on the skin and blocks the skins natural function. It can promote acne, other disorders and cause premature skin aging. The main reason for using many of these ingredients is because they are cheap. You will notice that the cheaper the makeup product or skincare cream the more dangerous ingredients are in it.

But in saying that, it doesn't mean that the more expensive the product, the more 'natural' it will be. Big companies are interested in profit, so they will still use cheap ingredients in their top of the range makeup and cosmetic products.


Follow Our Pinterest

PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Monday, April 28, 2014

How To Look and Feel 20 Years Younger Than Your Age

Aging affects all living beings and it is no different for us humans. Human growth hormone or HGH is the master hormone in your body that is responsible for controlling all growth processes.

HGH production in your body begins declining after you reach adolescence. Plummeting HGH level weakens almost all your body faculties and speeds up the process of aging.

By increasing growth hormone levels in your body, you can beat age effects and reverse aging to a great extent.

Here are some simple and easy ways to enhance growth hormone production in your body:

1. Exercise
Exercise is one of the best ways to stay, look and feel younger than your age. Working out regularly can help increase your HGH levels. Make it a point to workout for at least 3-4 days a week.
However, you must avoid over training. This is because over training can increase stress and lead to a spike in cortisol levels in your body. Cortisol inhibits growth hormone production in your body. Ideally, your workout should not last more than 45 minutes in a single session.

2. Laughter is the Best Medicine
You might find it amusing, but the fact is that laughter can help boost growth hormone in your body. You would be surprised to known that watching a 60 minute comedy movie can increase your HGH levels by an astounding 87%.

3. Detox Your Body
Detox process helps cleanse your liver. This can make it function properly. The main function of HGH in your body is to enable the liver to produce Insulin Growth Factor IGF1 that controls growth in your body.
Getting rid of toxins can help your liver produce IGF1 more effectively. This can help beat age effects and restore youthfulness.

4. Fasting
Fasting is one of the best and simple ways to boost growth hormone in your body, Scientific data suggests that fasting for 24 hours can boost HGH levels in your body by an amazing 2000%!

5. Avoid Sugar
Sugar and foods rich in carbohydrates increase Insulin levels in your body. Insulin inhibits production of both testosterone and HGH in your body. Thus, if you really want to increase growth hormone in your body, you must reduce your consumption of foods that are rich in carbs and simple sugars.

6. Natural HGH Supplements
Natural HGH supplements or releasers can also help increase growth hormone production in your body. Such supplements are made with a mix of herbal extracts, amino acids and other nutrients. They are safe and devoid of side effects since they do not contain artificial or synthetic HGH in them.
Such pills can ensure a complete body makeover. They can help boost your energy, stamina and immunity. They can also help increase lean muscle in your body and reduce excess fat. Such supplements can also enhance libido in both men and women. They can reduce wrinkles and fine lines too by increasing collagen production in your body.
Follow Our Pinterest
PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Sunday, April 27, 2014

Top 5 Cute And Cuddly Exotic Pets

Are you looking for an exotic pet that will really catch the attention of your friends and family? Do you want a pet that you are certain no one else you know will have? If you are looking for a truly unique pet that is still cute and cuddly, you might want to consider one of these top 5 cute and furry exotic pets.

Kinkajou
Cute and Cuddly Exotic Pet #1: Kinkajou
Kinkajous are naturally found in the rain forest and are listed as being at "lower risk" by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. These cute little critters are naturally very affectionate and friendly, which make them particularly popular among exotic pet aficionados.

Kinkajous do have sharp teeth that are designed to eat meet. Yet, the enjoy eating plenty of other common, every day foods such as eggs, bananas, marshmallows, and cereal. It should be noted, however, that Kinkajous are nocturnal and tend to make a great deal of noise after the sun has set.


Bengal Cat
Cute and Cuddly Exotic Pet #2: Bengal Cat
Despite its name, the Bengal cat is not related to the Bengal tiger in any way. Rather, they are hybrid cats that are the result of cross-breeding between house cats and exotic cats. Some variations of Bengal cats include kitties called the toyger, the Serengeti, and the cheetoh. The more pure bread the Bengal cat is, the more you can expect to pay for it. Despite their larger size, most owners of Bengal cats have very little problems with them other than those problems typically associated with owning a cat, such as the tendency to claw and tear at furniture.


Sugar Glider
Cute and Cuddly Exotic Pet #3: Sugar Glider
Sugar gliders are also listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as being at "lower risk." As natives of Australia, it comes as little surprise that sugar gliders are marsupials. What may be a surprise, however, is that they generally don't weigh more than five ounces. Despite their small size, they are very social and love interacting with humans Like Kinkajous, they are nocturnal and want most of their owner's attention at night. Keeping two sugar gliders will help prevent boredom and depression from loneliness.
It should be noted that nutritionists do not agree on the types of foods that sugar gliders should be fed, though all agree that their diets should be high in protein and should include a healthy dose of insects. In addition, sugar gliders suck their nutrients from their food, which means they make quite a mess when they spit out what they don't eat.


Squirrel Monkey
Cute and Cuddly Exotic Pet #4: Squirrel Monkey
The squirrel monkey is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as being of "least concern," despite the fact that it only weighs 2.75 and has a number of natural predators. In order to fend off predators, squirrel monkeys tend to run in packs of up to 500 in the wild. Squirrel monkeys are quite affectionate, social, and intelligent. In fact, they have a proportionately larger brain than any other primate, including humans. Squirrel monkeys are easy to house train, but they do mark their territory and have a tendency to rub their skin and tails in their urine.


Chimpanzee
Cute and Cuddly Exotic Pet #5: Chimpanzee
Actually owning a chimpanzee as a pet is quite difficult, as they are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Yet, they are quite fascinating creatures to observe and to spend time with. Chimps are quite intelligent and very similar to humans. In fact, we share 94% of the same DNA as chimps. Nonetheless, they are quite strong and have an upper body strength that is about five times that of a human.


Follow Our Pinterest



PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Top 10 Tips for Starting Your First Juice Cleanse

If you're planning to go on a juice cleanse, here are the top 10 tips you should follow for a successful fast:

1. Consult with your health care representative
Although good for the health, a juice cleanse is not advisable for individuals who have standing health problems such as Diabetes. It is vital that you check with your doctor initially before going on the fast and ask if you are qualified to go through with it. Also don't hesitate to inquire about juicing - ask how long your juice cleanse should be as a first timer, when's the ideal time to start and any other queries you may have.

2. Set some goals
Once your doctor gives you the go signal for your juice cleanse, then it's time to go through with it. One of the first important steps of the process is goal-setting. Asking yourself things like "What is my intention for doing this?" and "What do I want to achieve after this?" will help you determine both your short-term and long-term goals.

3. Prepare your body for the juice cleanse
You don't have to start right away. Allow a few days to a week to prepare both your mind and body so it won't be difficult to adjust once you've started. During this time period, try to cut down on processed foods, caffeine, dairy and foods that are hard to digest like red meat. Try to eat more fruits and vegetables.

4. Choose a quality juicer
Choose a juicer that will meet your personal needs. Do some research online about different models then compare their features but consider the price.

5. Research juice recipes
You can create your own recipes but since this is your first juice fast, it's only wise to look for basic juice recipes to follow and begin from there.

6. Create a meal plan
You will save a lot of time when you plan your meals. Listing the different juice recipes you plan on drinking each day will help you determine what fresh produce to buy at the store. It will also help you take control of your meals - you can alternate a fruit juice with a vegetable juice for varied taste.

7. Buy your fruits and vegetables in bulk
Do this to save time and money. Buy fresh produce for the first 3 days of your juice cleanse. Remember, most fruits and vegetables can only remain fresh for 4-5 days.

8. Learn about the different juicing symptoms
Because waste and toxins are being eliminated from your body, you should expect some discomforts such as headache, sleeplessness, acne, irregular bowel movement, body aches etc. These symptoms will last only 1-2 days, but expecting them will be easier for you.

9. Get some support
You shouldn't have to deal with this challenge alone - get support from your family or friends, or better yet find someone to juice with you. Joining juice cleanse forums and communities online may also help you get more motivated.

10. Enjoy yourself
Most of all, it is important that you relax and enjoy the experience. Think of it as your path to a healthier and happier life and not some struggle you have to face each day.


Follow Our Pinterest


PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Saturday, April 26, 2014

Making Green Smoothies For Meal Time

A very good way to get your daily dose of nutrition and to cut out fat is drinking green smoothies. As the name suggests, these smoothies are made mainly by blending greens such as spinach, kale, dandelion greens, celery and parsley. And, by blending them with other green fruits like grapes, avocado, pears or apples you not only have a nutritional but also a tasty smoothie ready in a matter of minutes. Those who have chosen to live a healthy lifestyle usually drink green smoothies during meal times. Here are some ideas you can use prepare green smoothies for meal time.

What is the Best Time for a Green Smoothie?
You can choose to have this healthy drink anytime you want during the day, but having one during a meal does wonders for your metabolism. This in turn, reduces your craving to snack as well. One of the best times to have a green smoothie is during breakfast time. In fact, it would be no exaggeration to say that there is no better and healthier way to begin your day.

If you get into the habit of having a green smoothie for breakfast, you will not feel the need to wake up with caffeine anymore. Here is one simple smoothie idea you can use to boost your day. To make this easy and tasty drink, use a bunch of spinach, a few large green grapes and about half an avocado. Blend it all in for a great tasting smoothie that can serve as a great metabolism booster. What's more, once you make it a point to drink a smoothie for breakfast, you will no longer have to depend on that cup of coffee you just cannot seem to wake up without.

The next best time to have a green smoothie is during lunch. Most people find themselves at fast-food joints since lunch breaks are usually short. We can offer a better solution instead. At lunch time treat yourself to a kale, pear and spinach smoothie. Once in a while you can also add in a banana to give yourself that extra boost you may feel yourself needing. This smoothie is as healthy as it gets, for it is a powerhouse of vitamins and minerals.

A Green Smoothie for Lunch
Even though kale is not very tempting to be consumed by itself, when blended with pears in a smoothie it really does tingle your taste buds! Instead of grabbing a "quick bite" at lunchtime, treat yourself to this smoothie. It can be made in the morning and carried in a thermos, or if you are carrying it in your drinking cup, you can always get to work and refrigerate it in the lunch room or cafeteria at your workplace.

If you are making a drink for meal time such as breakfast and lunch, you can well do without having one for dinner. In fact, it's better if you avoid a green smoothie for dinner, for it sometimes tends to cause gas or bloating. Have a healthy dinner of lean meats and vegetables instead.

Having green smoothies during meals does you a world of good. So, if you want to lead a healthy and fit life and manage your weight, a healthy blend of green vegetables and fruits is just the thing for you!


Follow Our Pinterest

PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Small Jewelry Boxes

Jewelry boxes are made in several shapes and sizes. However, small jewelry boxes are in higher demand, as most jewelry is small and delicate. Small but exquisitely made jewelry boxes are perfect for such small pieces of jewelry. A ring or pair of earrings looks more beautiful when nestling in the soft velvety folds of a small jewelry box. Small heart- shaped jewelry boxes always find a lot of takers as they are perfect for gifts.
Small jewelry boxes make ideal and unusual gifts for men too. A jewelry box that is specially made to hold watches or cufflinks are perfect for men who have a taste for artistic jewelry items. Small jewelry boxes are good receptacles for small pieces of heirloom jewelry. A well made jewelry box ends up as a valued keepsake.



Jewelry boxes need not necessarily be used to keep jewelry or gift jewelry in. Artistically made pieces can be added to ubiquitous corners in your home giving the décor a lovely lift. Thoughtfully placed jewelry boxes can enhance the furnishings immediately. The jewelry box can be selected to match the furniture or to complement it. There are a variety of designs of small jewelry boxes meant for house décor to choose from.
Jewelry boxes made with mahogany, cherry or burl wood maple will go very well with almost any kind of décor. An oriental jewelry box will look at home with a vintage set up. To accentuate a Victorian look, replications of historical antique boxes can be used.


Small jewelry boxes are also used by jewelry shops for packaging jewelry for customers. Jewelry shops usually carry a stock of customized small jewelry boxes to be used whenever needed. Small jewelry boxes also make interesting gifts for little girls. They are a nice way for little girls to store trinkets. Small to medium sized musical jewelry boxes made of inexpensive material are popular gifts bought for little girls.


Follow Our Pinterest



PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Natural Pink Diamonds--Your Shopping Guide for these Rare Diamonds

Pink diamonds, unlike 1 carat round colorless diamonds, are truly rare. In fact, pink is one of the rarest colors. Only red diamonds (never seen one) and blue diamonds are more rare.
Given the rarity, pink diamonds are not for the faint of wallet but more affordable ones can be found. First you have to have some understanding of the pink diamond grading scale, which is haphazard at best.


Shopping for a Pink Diamond
Few jewelry stores or personnel know anything about pink diamonds. That's because their market is typically people who are buying white diamonds. There are stores that carry more of them. But you'll find that the prices are in the stratosphere. You are often paying for the address, the atmosphere and chandelier upkeep. So while you might very well get a fabulous product, you will pay out the wazoo for it. Which is fine if you have that kind of disposable income and you like the feeling of being in a swanky establishment .


Regardless, you really have to choose your dealer carefully. Choose one that carries more than two or three colored diamonds. If you've done your homework, you might recognize a salesperson who knows less than you do. If you know more than the salesperson, move on. Choose a dealer with a track record and an established reputation for carrying colored diamonds. I often see dealers offering diamonds that are treated and not disclosing this fact. I see dealers using the same photograph to sell a diamond. I see dealers who are "drop shippers" who are offering colored diamonds--dealers who do not look at the diamond but list numbers from a GIA report and they've never seen it.

A colored diamond, particularly a pink, is NOT a diamond you want to buy sight unseen for a number of reasons. Fancy colors and fancy shapes can't be bought sight unseen if you actually want to end up with something you will enjoy looking at.

Getting a Pink Diamond Appraised
Few sellers know squat about colored diamonds. Even fewer appraisers do. The good ones will use a third party resource to validate particular facts. So ask questions before having it appraised and find out their methodology for appraising rare pinks.

If it comes back appraised double, don't go feeling great that you made such a great purchase. Ask them to adjust the appraisal so you're not paying the insurance company outrageous premiums to insure a diamond that would not cost nearly the amount it appraised for to replace. The outrageous appraisal amount might make you feel warm and fuzzy up until you get insurance and realize just how much it will cost you.


Follow Our Pinterest



PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Friday, April 25, 2014

How to Choose a Gym That Is Right for You

Are you looking to transform your body and start working out? In this article, you'll find out how to choose a gym that is the right fit for you.

Buying exercise equipment to use at your home can be a costly investment. Plus you have to worry about fixing the equipment if it breaks. For these two reasons alone, many people choose to join a gym. Depending on your financial situation and where you live, you may not have to spend a lot of money on an expensive health club. Some newer health clubs like Crunch and Planet Fitness offer gym memberships for as low as $9.99 a month. The downside to these lower priced gyms are that they can be packed with a lot of people.
Some people don't mind paying more money for a gym. If you are planning on sticking with it, it can be a worthy investment. Plus it can give you motivation to workout more often if you are paying more money.


What's In Your Typical Gym?
Your typical gym provides a good variety of equipment including treadmills, elliptical trainers, exercise bikes, rowing machines, dumbbells, & more. Not all of these gym are created equal though. Some gyms require you to sign a contract, that will not be easy to cancel. Some of these contracts can have an obligation of staying at the gym for up to 2 years.

Consider These Tips Before Signing Up for a Gym
Here is a list of some tips that you can use to make you decide on what gym you want to join:
1. Make up your mind up on what exercise you enjoy doing

Before you choose a gym, you should know what your needs are as far as physical fitness is concerned. This will determine the kind of gym that you should join. Do you enjoy swimming? Do you play basketball? If you are into sports fitness rather than your typical physical aerobic fitness, some larger health clubs have a swimming pools, basketball courts, and saunas inside. If you plan on using any of these, then you should join a larger gym.

2. Make sure to shop around
This may sound like a cliché, but it is a benefit to look at a variety of gyms. It is best to do some shopping and compare prices, charges, and what each facility will provide. Make sure to look for specials. Like your typical store, look for specials. Most gyms run specials like any other store would. Specials can include a $0 initiation fee, a discounted rate for a longer commitment, and student membership discounts.

3. Consider your budget
If you are low on money, you should look for a gym that is cost efficient. You should also look into a gym that does not require a contract. If you have money to spend, you don't necessarily need to join the most expensive gym. Just look for something that has the equipment that you plan on using. Remember to work out for your body but do not put yourself in debt if you can't afford a larger fitness club.

4. Look at the physical attributes and characteristics of each fitness center that you wish to join
Make sure that the gym that you have chosen is clean, properly ventilated, and complete with all the amenities that you will need. Make sure that the gym has new equipment that is in good working condition. Don't sign up for a gym if the equipment appears to be worn out already.

5. Look for free trial memberships
Some gym clubs such as 24 hour fitness offer a free guest pass. These free gym passes usually range from a day or up to a week depending on the health club. With a free pass, you'll get to try out the gym before you sign up.

After reading all of these tips, you should have a good idea on what to look for in a gym. What matters the most is that your gym will create some positive results for your body. Hope you enjoyed reading this article. Remember to keep motivated and enjoy your brand new gym!


Follow Our Pinterest


PRODUCT FROM AMAZON


Tuesday, April 22, 2014

The Favorite Flowers of Bees and Butterflies

Flowers are one of the people's favorite creations of God. They are widely used for different purposes. Flowers are the best weapons to melt someone's heart. But don't you know that bees and butterflies have their own favorite flowers, too? Do you want to know what their favorite flowers are? Read on.

For sure, you are pretty aware that bees and butterflies need flowers for pollination and for their own benefits. Furthermore, they also help in maintaining the balance in the ecosystem. Flowers are the number one reason why you are still enjoying the mouth-watering taste of honey from bees. Bees and butterflies have their favorite flowers. Yes, you read it right! Though they are naturally attracted to flowers and they are exposed to millions of flower species on this planet, they do have their favorite flower specie, too.
These are some of the most favorite flowers of bees and butterflies:

• Asters - 


These flowers will bloom during mid-summer and late fall. This flower is one of the latest blooming flowers in the northern climate. There are different colors of this flower. They come in dark purple, white and others call them dark blue. You can trim these flowers for several weeks on summer days. This will make their clump grow thicker. You can also let the flowers grow naturally to about 20 to 24 inches in length.


• Bee balm -


It is one of the herb flowers that come in different colors, like red and deep purple. They bloom in mid-summer until early fall. Bee balms can be grown easily from seed, and they will grow in loose open clusters. Furthermore, bee balms are at their best if you will keep them away from mildew.


• Columbine -


These flowers bloom in early spring; and they come in a variety of colors. Columbines have a lengthy tube-like flower top. Thus, bees will surely have their tough time. if you are afraid of bees and have a limited space, this flower is not suitable for you.

• Penstenmon, Pink Chablis and Husker Red -



This is one of the most favorite flowers of the female bees. They love to crawl inside the tubular blooms of this flower. You will only see their cute bee hinds, which will be left, exposed; while most of their bodies are inside the flower tube. These flowers are one of the native Mexican flowers. They bloom in early summer days and they can grow up to 8-36 inches in length.


• Butterfly weed -


These flowers can easily attract the butterflies; and they bloom in summer season. They grow easily; and their seed can be invasive, if you do not pick their seed pods on the ground before they dry and burst open. Butterfly weeds come in different colors, like orange, yellow and red.


• White and purple cone flowers -


These flowers are the honeybees' all-time favorite flower. In fact, there are lots of photo evidences of bees while gathering these flowers. They bloom in early summer until early frost. However, they can stay longer with proper care and protection. These flowers will grow 24-40 inches in length.


• Blanket flowers or Gaillardias -


These flowers, like any other flower, come in different colors. The yellows are called yellow goblins; while the reds are called Burgundy Gaillardia. They will give their best if they are exposed to full sunlight; and they grow up to 24 to 36 inches in length.


• Perennial Geranium -


These flowers are known in Michigan as Cranesbill. They bloom in early summer and can survive until the fall season. They grow well in full sunlight or full shade to about 15-18 inches in length. These flowers come in different shades of purple and blue. They are one of the major sources of nectar for the wild bees.

• Sedum (Autumn Joy) -


This flower blooms in late summer and will last in the early winter season. You will not be able to see these flowers during 60 degrees Fahrenheit in the last days of fall due to the swarm of bees in it. Bees crawl on each other just to get the nectar from it. Some of the bees will wait for their turn while staying on the leaves. Honeybees surely love these flowers.



Follow Our Pinterest


PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Red Flowers in Your Life

Red Flower Meaning
Red flowers are probably the most vibrant and exciting that nature has given us. When thinking about expressing sensuality and romance, lovers usually offer red flowers as gifts.
They come in a variety of shades, each carrying a special meaning:
  • Vibrant red expresses burning passion.
  • Burnt orange-red is a symbol of ardent energy.
  • Deeper cherry red carries the meaning of love and romance.
  • Crimson symbolizes sexuality.
  • A rich burgundy flower signifies intense desire.
Don't be afraid to use them to convey strength, courage and distinction.


 Red Flower Arrangements
They are used in arrangements in order to catch the eye, suggesting sophistication and confidence, even in small doses, which can be more effective than a large amount of red color. These flowers arrangements are a sign of luxury and wealth, especially if you use red roses. These flowers can be combined with a large variety of other flowers.



Here is a small guide for combining them with other colored flowers:
  • These flowers form an ideal couple with emerald green greenery, red and green being complementary colors on the color wheel. Combined with green, they are traditional to the Christmas Holiday. To enrich the beauty of a red flower, one can use greenery such as ferns.
  • Combining them with cool blue flowers offer a great contrast, chilling the hotness of red.
  • Use red with light pink flowers with for a harmonious combination.
  • If you use yellow flowers in combination with red, be careful that the two colors are not too close in value such as dark red in combination with golden or pale yellow flowers. Otherwise, red flowers are nicely enhanced by shades of yellow.
  • In order to create a cheerful arrangement, try mixing red with pink and orange flowers.
  • Combined with purple flowers, they create an elegant combination, but mind that too much purple can sometimes be overpowering.
  • White flowers are often used with red ones, especially when it comes to roses, for wedding arrangements or other special occasions such as Valentine's Day, this mix symbolizing purity and passion combined.
  • One important rule about red flowers: sometimes less is more. A dash of red can be more effective than a solid color red arrangement.


Follow Our Pinterest


PRODUCTS FROM AMAZON


Tips For The Beginner Vegan - 10 Tips On How To Start A Vegan Diet

Making the transition to a vegan diet for the first time can be both daunting yet exciting at the same time. The beginner vegan ofte...